Vocabulary for Exams: Law and Punishment

LawНа экзаменах по общему английскому (IELTS, TOEFL, FCE, CAE, CPE) встречается такая тема как юриспруденция. Одно дело, если Вы – юрист и уже прошли курс английского для юристов. Вы знаете термины или хотя бы найдете, что ответить на вопросы, связанные с профессиональной деятельностью и поймете о чем идет речь в текстах. А вот остальным экзаменуемым приходится тяжело. Часто студенты потом говорят, что им не повезло с темой – ведь они не юристы. Однако, я считаю, что к этой теме можно и нужно подготовиться в плане пополнения словарного запаса, ведь она есть в книгах, посвященных подготовке к экзаменам (Например, в Vocabulary for IELTS – Unit 18). Надеемся, что сегодняшний пост поможет Вам в этом.

Начните со знакомства с Law Vocabulary:

  • englishclub.com – краткий сборник слов и выражений по теме Law.
  • visual.merriam-webster.com – словарь с картинками на тему правосудие (Justice – Prison, Court).

Для практики навыков аудирования и чтения на тему юриспруденция мы рекомендуем посмотреть онлайн – ресурсы, которые мы упоминали в статье Юридический английский.

Также можете прослушать и сделать упражнения:

IELTS Writing

  • Without capital punishment our lives are less secure and crimes or violence increase. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
  • Do you believe that societies ought to enforce capital punishment or Are there alternative forms of punishment that would be better used?

TOEFL Writing

  • In what ways can science assist in the detection of crime?
  • Causes of Juvenile Crime and Solutions

IELTS Speaking

Part 1.

  • Have you ever been to see a lawyer?
  • Do you have any friends who are policemen?
  • How do the police help you?
  • Are you afraid of the police?
  • What are some situations when you would call the police?
  • Can you think of some situations when you wouldn’t want to call the police?
  • Part 2. CardDescribe a law you find important/useful.You should say:
    • what the law is
    • how you learned about it
    • who it benefits

    And explain why you think it is important/useful.American Law

    Part 3. Follow-up questions

    • What international law should be applied all over the world?
    • Do you think there are laws for the rich and different laws for the poor?
    • Would you like to be a lawmaker?
    • What would your country be like if there were no laws?
    • Are policemen popular in your country?
    • Who are more popular, the layers or the police?
    • Do you think there will be more or less crime in the future?
    • Do you think your country is a safe place to live? Why or why not?
    • What are some things people can do to protect themselves from crime?

    Cambridge Exams (PET, FCE, CAE, CPE) Speaking

    Prompt Card

    Is crime a bigger social problem now than it was in the past?

    • Types of crime
    • Detection of crime
    • Control of crime

    Follow-up Questions Legal English

    • Do you agree with some people who say that the police should never carry guns?
    • How do you feel about the way crimes are reported in the media nowadays?
    • What effect do you think the Internet could have on crime?
    • Can you describe the police uniform of the policemen in your country?
    • Do you think that a male police officer is required to do different or more difficult/dangerous jobs than a female police officer?
    • What is the general feeling towards police in your country, is it positive or negative?
    • Do policemen in your country ask for bribes?
    • What do you think would happen if all police officers decide to go on a strike?

    TOEFL Speaking Part 1

    • Do you think laws are evenly applied to everyone in your society?
    • What do you think of the idea of international laws that would replace all national laws?
    • Do you think that punishment for violent crimes should be the same for juveniles and adults? Why/why not?
    • Do you think that the death penalty would prevent crime in your country? Why (not)?
    • If a person steals a loaf of bread because he needs to feed his starving family, should he be punished?
    • Is it ever O.K. to break the law? If so, when?
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