Эмма Уотсон о феминизме и предрассудках: видео уроки английского
“You educate a man; you educate a man. You educate a woman; you educate a generation.”
― Brigham Young
“Feminism is the radical notion that women are human beings.”
― Cheris Kramarae
Эмма Уотсон, которую вы, наверняка, знаете как Гермиону из фильмов о Гарри Поттере, не только одна из самых красивых актрис Великобритании, но и посол доброй воли ООН.
Мы подготовили для вас видео уроки с ее участием. Они помогут вам улучшить навыки аудирования английской речи на слух (британский вариант произношения), расширить словарный запас на тему гендерного равенства, попрактиковаться в упражнениях на аудирование, которые пригодятся при подготовке к международным экзаменам по английскому и приобщиться к движению столь популярному сегодня в мире.
Но для начала предлагаем ознакомиться с тематическим словарем, который поможет вам понять ее знаменитое выступление:
- to launch campaign — развернуть кампанию
- to reach out to somebody – обращаться к кому-либо (с призывом)
- to end gender inequality – положить конец неравенству полов
- we need everyone to be involved – нам нужно, чтобы каждый принимал участие в этом
- galvanize as many men and boys as possible to be advocates for gender equality – побудить как можно больше мужчин и молодых людей в число сторонников гендерного равенства.
- tangible – достижимый, практически осуществимый, реальный
- to be apponted as a Goodwill Ambassador at the UN – быть назначенным послом доброй воли ООН
- fighting for women’t right has become synonymous with man-hating – борьба за права женщин стала синонимом мужененавистничества
- for the record – для протокола, к вашему сведению
- question gender-based assumptions – подвергать сомнению гендерные стереотипы
- to drop out of smth – бросить что-либо (университет/ занятия/игру)
- to appear “muscly – выглядить мускулистыми
- choose not to identify as feminists – предпочитать не идентифицировать себя как феминистку
- apparently – очевидно, видимо, судя по всему
- I am among the ranks of women – я принадлежу к числу женщин
- counterpart – лицо, занимающее аналогичную должность
- on my behalf – от моего имени, в моих интересах
- affect my life – влиять на мою жизнь
- to be afforded the same respect – получать такое же уважение
- human rights – права человека
- to be one of the lucky ones – быть одним из тех, кому повезло
- limit smb – ограничивать кого-либо
- mentor – преподаватель-наставник, куратор
- to assume – предполагать
- give birth to a child – родить ребенка
- influencer – авторитет
- the gender equality ambassador – посол/ человек, вещающий за гендерное равенство
- inadvertent feminist – человек, который не осознает, что он феминист, который поддерживает равноправие, но не понимает, что тем самым он является феминистом
- statistically – по статистике
- stand out – обращать на себя внимание
- to participate in the conversation – участвовать в беседе
- father’s role as a parent is valued less – роль отца как родителя ценится меньше
- to suffer from mental illness – иметь психическое заболевание
- to be unable to ask for help – не в состоянии попросить помощи
- for fear to look less of a man – из-за страха казаться менее мужественным
- to eclipse – затмевать, превосходить
- suicide is the biggest killer of men – самоубийство – самая высокая причина смертности мужчин
- road accident – дорожно транспортное происшествие
- cancer – рак
- coronary heart disease – ишемическая болезнь сердца
- fragile and insecure – уязвимый и неуверенный
- distorted sense – искаженное представление
- what constitutes male success – что составляет мужской успех
- men are imprisoned by gender stereotypes – мужчины в плену гендерных стереотипов
- natural consequence – естественное следствие
- women are compelled to be submissive – женщины вынуждены быть покорными
- both men and women should feel free to be sensitive – и мужчины и женщины должны иметь свободу проявлять свои чувства
- both men and women should feel free to be strong – и мужчины и женщины должны быть свободны быть сильными
- perceive gender on a spectrum instead of two sets of opposing ideals -относиться к гендеру как к спектру (полному разнообразия), а двум противоположным идеалам
- take up this mantle – взяли покровительство
- free from prejudice – свободные от предрассудков
- permission to be vulnerable and human – разрешение быть ранимым и человечным
- reclaim those parts of themselves they abandoned – восстановить те части себя, которые они избегали
- be a more true and complete version of themselves – быть более настоящей и целой версией самих себя
- responsibility to say smth – ответственность сказать что-либо
- All that is needed for the forces of evil to triuph is dor good enough men and women to do nothing – «Для того чтобы силы зла победили, достаточно того, чтобы хорошие люди ничего не делали».
- in my moments of doubt – в моменты сомнения
- opportunities are presented to you — вам предоставлены возможности
- at current rates – с существующими тенденциями
- to step forward – вызываться делать что-то, предложить свою помощь
- to applaud – аплодировать
I am ___________ _____ to you because we need your ________. We want to ___________gender _________________—and to do this we need ___________to be _______________.
This is the ________campaign that kind at the ___________: we want to try and________as many men and boys as possible to be _______________ for________________equality. And we don’t just want to ___________ about it. We want to try and make ________ it is ___________.
I was _________________ as a Goodwill _________________for UN Women ________ months ago and the more I’ve spoken about __________________ the more I have realized that fighting for women’s rights has too often become ___________________ with _______________________. If there is one thing I know for ________________, it is that this has to _____________.
For the ______________, feminism by ____________ is: “The ___________ that men and women should have ____________ __________ and opportunities. It is the theory of the political, ______________ and __________ equality of the sexes.”
I started ______________gender-based _________________a long time ago. When I was __________ I was confused at being called “____________,” because I wanted to ________________ the plays we would put on for our parents—but the ________ were not.
When at ________ I started being sexualized by certain elements of the __________.
When at __________my girlfriends started ___________ _____of their______________sports teams because they didn’t want to appear “______________.”
When at 18 my ______ ________were unable to ___________ their feelings.
I decided that I was a ___________and this seemed _________ to me. But my _________ __________has shown me that feminism has become an ________ _________. Women are choosing not to _____________ as feminists.
__________________ I am among the____________ of women whose expressions are seen as too strong, too __________, __________, anti-men, ______________ even.
Why has the word become such an _______________ one?
I am from _____________ and I think it is _________ that as a _________ I am paid the ____________ as my _______ ______________. I think it is right that I should be able to make _______________ about ________ _____body. I think it is right that women be involved ___ ___ _______in the policies and decisions that will__________my life. I think it is right that socially I am ________ the same ________ as men. But __________I can say that there is ____ _____ country in the world where____women can _________ to ____________ these rights.
No country in the world can _____ say they have _______________gender equality.
These rights I ______________ to be _____ _________ but I am one of the _______ _____. My life is __ ______ _________ because my parents didn’t love me_________ because I was born__ _________. My school did ____ ________me because I _____ a girl. My _______ didn’t __________ I would go ______ ____ because I might _______ _____ ___ __ _____ one day. These _____________ were the _______ ____________that made me who I am today. They may not know it, but they are the ___________ ____________ who are _________________ the world today. And we need _____ of those.
And if you still _______ the word—it is not ____ ______ that is important. It’s the ______ and the _________ behind it. Because not ____ _____________ have received the same _______ that I have. In fact, _____________, very _________ have been.
In ___________, Hilary Clinton made a famous___________ in ___________ about women’s rights. ____________many of the things she wanted to _____________ are still _________ today.
But what _________ ______ for me _____ _______ was that less than_____ per cent of the___________were ______. How can we __________change in the world when only _______ of it is ___________ or feel ________ to ___________ in the________?
______—I would like to take this opportunity to __________your ___________ invitation. Gender equality is ________ _______too.
Because to date, I’ve seen my _______ _______ as a _________ being ________ ______by society despite my ________his ________ as a child as ________ as my mother’s.
I’ve seen young ____ __________ from mental illness ________ ___ ______for help ____ ______it would make them ______ _____of a man. In fact in the UK ________ is the biggest killer of men between _______years; eclipsing ______ ______, cancer and ______ _______ ______ . I’ve seen men made _______ and _________ by a__________sense of what__________male __________. Men don’t have the __________ of equality __________.
We don’t often talk about__________being__________by __________ __________ but I can see that that they ________. And when they are _______, things will __________ for women as a natural __________.
If men don’t__________ _____ _________aggressive in order to be __________ women won’t feel __________ to be __________. If men don’t have to __________, women won’t ____________________controlled.
__________ men and women __________ __________free to be __________. Both men and women should feel _____________ _______ … It is time that we all __________ gender on a __________ instead of two sets of __________ __________.
If we __________ defining __________by what we are __________ and start __________ __________ by who we __________—we can ________ ____ ______and this is what HeForShe is about. It’s about __________.
I want __________to take up this __________. So their __________, sisters and __________can be __________ __________but also so that their sons have __________ to be __________ and__________too—__________ those parts of __________ they __________and in doing so be a __________ __________and complete__________of__________.
You__________be thinking who is this Harry Potter girl? And what is she doing speaking at__________? It’s a really good question. I have been asking __________the same thing. All I know is that I __________about this__________. And I want to make it __________.
And having __________what I’ve seen—and given the chance—I feel it is my __________ to __________something. Statesman Edmund Burke said: “All that is needed for the____________ ___ _________to __________ is for enough __________ men and women to do __________.”
In my __________ for this __________ and in my moments of __________ I’ve told myself __________—If not __________ who? If not __________, when? If you have __________ ________when opportunities are __________ to you I hope those words might be __________
Because the __________is that if we do __________ it will take ____years, or for me to be nearly a __________ before women can __________to be paid the __________ as men for the __________. __________ million __________ will be __________ in the next __________years as__________. And at__________rates it won’t be until __________before all rural__________ girls can have a __________ education.
If you believe in __________, you might be one of those__________ __________ that I’ve spoken of earlier.
And for this I __________you.
We are struggling for a __________ __________but the good news is we have a uniting__________. It is called HeForShe. I am inviting you to ________ __________, to be seen. And to ask __________ if not me, _______? If not now, ________?
“Today we are launching campaign called HerForShe.
This is the first campaign that kind at the UN: we want to try and galvanize as many men and boys as possible to be advocates for gender equality. And we don’t just want to talk about it. We want to try and make sure it is tangible.
I was appointed as a Goodwill Ambassodor for UN Women six months ago and the more I’ve spoken about feminism the more I have realized that fighting for women’s rights has too often become synonymous with man-hating. If there is one thing I know for certain, it is that this has to stop.
For the record, feminism by definition is: “The belief that men and women should have equal rights and opportunities. It is the theory of the political, economic and social equality of the sexes.”
I started questioning gender-based assumptions a long time ago. When I was eight I was confused at being called “bossy,” because I wanted to direct the plays we would put on for our parents—but the boys were not.
When at 14 I started being sexualized by certain elements of the media.
When at 15 my girlfriends started dropping out of their beloved sports teams because they didn’t want to appear “muscly.”
I decided that I was a feminist and this seemed uncomplicated to me. But my recent research has shown me that feminism has become an unpopular word. Women are choosing not to identify as feminists.
Apparently I am among the ranks of women whose expressions are seen as too strong, too aggressive, isolating, anti-men, unattractive even.
Why has the word become such an uncomfortable one?
I am from Britain and I think it is right that as a woman I am paid the same as my male counterparts. I think it is right that I should be able to make decisions about my own body. I think it is right that women be involved on my behalf in the policies and decisions that will affect my life. I think it is right that socially I am afforded the same respect as men. But sadly I can say that there is no one country in the world where all women can expect to receive these rights.
No country in the world can yet say they have achieved gender equality.
These rights I consider to be human rights but I am one of the lucky ones. My life is a sheer privilege because my parents didn’t love me less because I was born a daughter. My school did not limit me because I was a girl. My mentors didn’t assume I would go less far because I might give birth to a child one day. These influencers were the gender equality ambassadors that made me who I am today. They may not know it, but they are the inadvertent feminists who are changing the world today. And we need more of those.
And if you still hate the word—it is not the word that is important. It’s the idea and the ambition behind it. Because not all women have received the same rights that I have. In fact, statistically, very few have been.
In 1997, Hilary Clinton made a famous speech in Beijing about women’s rights. Sadly many of the things she wanted to change are still true today.
But what stood out for me the most was that less than 30 per cent of the audience were male. How can we affect change in the world when only half of it is invited or feel welcome to participate in the conversation?
Men—I would like to take this opportunity to extend your formal invitation. Gender equality is your issue too.
Because to date, I’ve seen my father’s role as a parent being valued less by society despite my needing his presence as a child as much as my mother’s.
I’ve seen young men suffering from mental illness unable to ask for help for fear it would make them look less of a man. In fact in the UK suicide is the biggest killer of men between 20-49 years; eclipsing road accidents, cancer and coronary heart disease. I’ve seen men made fragile and insecure by a distorted sense of what constitutes male success. Men don’t have the benefits of equality either.
We don’t often talk about men being imprisoned by gender stereotypes but I can see that that they are. And when they are free, things will change for women as a natural consequence.
If men don’t have to be aggressive in order to be accepted women won’t feel compelled to be submissive. If men don’t have to control, women won’t have to be controlled.
Both men and women should feel free to be sensitive. Both men and women should feel free to be strong… It is time that we all perceive gender on a spectrum instead of two sets of opposing ideals.
I want men to take up this mantle. So their daughters, sisters and mothers can be free from prejudice but also so that their sons have permission to be vulnerable and human too—reclaim those parts of themselves they abandoned and in doing so be a more true and complete version of themselves.
You might be thinking who is this Harry Potter girl? And what is she doing speaking at the UN? It’s a really good question. I have been asking myself the same thing. All I know is that I care about this problem. And I want to make it better.
And having seen what I’ve seen—and given the chance—I feel it is my responsibility to say something. Statesman Edmund Burke said: “All that is needed for the forces of evil to triumph is for enough good men and women to do nothing.”
In my nervousness for this speech and in my moments of doubt I’ve told myself firmly—If not me, who? If not now, when? If you have similar doubts when opportunities are presented to you I hope those words might be helpful.
Because the reality is that if we do nothing it will take 75 years, or for me to be nearly a hundred before women can expect to be paid the same as men for the same work. 15.5 million girls will be married in the next 16 years as children. And at current rates it won’t be until 2086 before all rural African girls can have a secondary education.
If you believe in equality, you might be one of those inadvertent feminists that I’ve spoken of earlier.
And for this I applaud you.
We are struggling for a uniting word but the good news is we have a uniting movement. It is called HeForShe. I am inviting you to step forward, to be seen. And to ask yourself if not me, who? If not now, when?
И вы тоже можете присоединиться, если еще не сделали этого, на сайте heforshe.org (если вы – мужчина и верите в то, что и мужчины и женщины заслуживают равных человеческих прав в экономике, политике, бизнесе, обществе):
Ex2. Watch the episode and find answers for the following questions:
- How much time was the HeForShe conference watched?
- How much media conversations were devoted to HeForShe?
- Why did Twitter paint HeForShe tag on its walls?
- What is impact 10x10x10 ?
- What does Emma want to hear from girls? Parents? Husbands? Young men? Writers? Businessmen?
- What your HeFor She commitment will be?
- Why has campaign HeForShe become so popular?
- Over 11 mln times
- 1.2 billion
- Because tag #HeForShe has become worldwide popular
- It’s about engaging governments, businesses and universities and having them make concrete commitments to gender equality. It’s about visability of the changes and the measurability of the commitements.
- Girls: Who have been your mentors? Parents: Did you make sure you treated ytour children equally? If so, how have you done it? Husbands: Have you been supporting your female partner privately so that she could fulfill her dreams too? Young Men: Have you spoken up in a conversation when a woman was casually degraded or dismissed? How does it affect you? How does it affect the woman you stand up for? BusinessMen: Have you mentored, supported or engaged women in leadership positions? Writers: Have you challenged the language and imagery you used to portray women in the media?
- It’s personal. Everything is valid. Decide what your commitement is. Make it public. And then please report back to the program so that they can share your story.
- From Emma’s point of view, it’s not because of her incredible writing speech skills, but because the ground is fertile. There’s greater understanding than ever that women should be equal participants in our homes, in our society, in our governments.
8 Марта 2015 года Эмма Уотсон дала интервью для Facebook. Оно длилось час, где она отвечала на вопросы фанатов и подписчиков.
- The movement for gender equality was originally conceived as a struggle led only by women for women.
- The Impact of gender inequality and how it affects men hasn’t been addressed before HeForShe campaign.
- After her speech Emma felt as if she wanted to live forever and see equality of women ad men.
- The Pope was against her campaign as women should be submissive according to Christianity.
- The harshest moments of critisism that Emma Watson had ever had in her life were from men that’s why she decided to launch HeForShe campaign.
- People didn’t like to use the word feminism because they associated it with hate.
- Men think that feminist is only about women, but Emma remarks that if you believe in equality then you are a feminist.
- Emma’s mom inspired her greatly and told her that she was the most beautiful girl in the world.
- Women and girls do not choose Mathematics and Science and Engineeering and to study because they are afraid that they will appear less attractive as those subjects are considered to be only for males.
- Within less than 24 hours Emma was receiving threatens from one website that they would publish her naked pictures.
- Emma was disheartened and she wanted to stop taking part in the campaign.
- Emma thinks that men should be free to express their feelings, their sadness, emotions. She is disturbed by the fact that men can’t cry. Being passionate makes you a human, not girl!
- Emma received only nice comments on her Facebook.
- There’s gender equality in filming industries as actresses receive the same salary as their male counterparts.
- Emma loves having the door open for her and being taken to dinner.
- Emma may be offended if a man opens a door for her.
- Emma took a man to dinner and offered to pay.
- There are no problems in Great Britain with gender equality as women vote and can have secondary education.
- HeForShe is an equality club both for men and women.
- Emma thinks it’s fair that women are paid less because they can have a maternity leave.
- False. She felt she could die happy.
- Not Given. Emma receive a personal letter from the Archibishop of Canterburry supporting the campaign HeForShe. But she didn’t say anything about the Pope.
- False. She recieved harch critical comments from women.
- Not given. When Emma felt insecure being a teeenager what her purpose was, her mom told her that what she was thinking and what she was doing and what she was saying were more imortant than her physical appearance even if the world was telling her the contrary. Her mom encouraged her to be individual.
- False. She felt the opposite. She wanted to continue her work.
- False. Somebody wrote to her: “Emma, why aren’t you in the kitchen?!”
- False. Emma mentiones that women are underrepresented in filming industry (only 7 per cent).
- False. Emma loves having the door open for her and being taken to dinner
- False. Emma told that problems still exist – 85 000 of women are raped in the UK per year. 77% of the Parliament are male.
- False. Emma says it’s unfair. Maternity leave lasts only 3 months in the UK and it’s not a good reason for paying less. Besides she considers that men should also take part in upbringing children.
А что думаете о феминизме вы? Изменилось ли ваше отношение к этому слову? Вдохновили ли вас выступления Эммы Уотсон?